The 830-kilometer ceasefire line, defined in the agreement, began at a southernmost point west of the Chenab River in Jammu. It took place in an approximate arc to the north, then northeast to the coordination of the NJ9842 maps, about 19 km north of the Shyok River.  (a) The line connecting Manawar to the south bank of the Jhelurn River near Urusa (including India) is the line now defined by the factual positions on which both parties agree. In the absence of an agreement to date, the line is as follows: (i) in the Patrana region: Kohel (including Pakistan) north along the Khuwala Kas Nullah to point 2276 (including India), from there to Kirni (including India). (ii) Khambha, Pir Satwan, points 3150 and 3606 are integrated for India, from where the line of conduct at Bagla Gala is located and from there to the actual position at point 3300. (iii) In the area south of Uri, the positions of Pir Kanthi and Ledi Gali, including Pakistan. B. The duly authorized delegations of India and Pakistan concluded the following agreement: Security Council Resolution 39, in April 1948, established a United Nations Commission (UNCIP) to mediate between India and Pakistan in order to end the fighting in Kashmir and arrange for a referendum. Following negotiations with both parties, the Commission adopted a three-part resolution in August 1948 and then added a “supplement”. The three sides discussed the ceasefire, the terms of the ceasefire and the procedures for negotiating the referendum. Both countries accepted the resolution and a ceasefire was reached on December 31, 1948. Another anomaly appeared at the southern end of the ceasefire line in Jammu.
From the terminus of the ceasefire line to the international border between Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab, there was a gap of more than 200 km, covered by a recognized “provincial border” between Pakistani Punjab and the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. India has generally referred to this border as an “international border”, while Pakistan has referred to it as a “border” or “labour border”.  From map point NJ9842, it was said that at a distance of about 60-65 km, it ran just north to the international border with China. In the absence of troops in this inaccessible glacial area, no effort has been made to extend the ceasefire line between NJ9842 and the Chinese border. This area of the Siachen Glacier eventually became a bone of contention between India and Pakistan.  C. The ceasefire line described above is drawn on a customs card (if available) and then verified on the spot by local commanders on each side, with the support of United Nations military observers, in order to eliminate any no man`s land. If the local commanders do not reach an agreement, the matter is referred to the Commission`s military adviser, whose decision is final. After this verification, S.K.
Sinha said that Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had informed the Indian delegation before the Karachi meeting, informing them that the UN resolution recognized the legality of Kashmir`s accession to India and that, therefore, any “no man`s land” would belong to India. The Pakistani delegation should provide the UN Commission with evidence of the de facto positions of its control over the entire territory they claim. Sinha said that, based on this principle, the agreement delineated several hundred square kilometers of territory on the Indian side, while there were no Indian troops in that area.  After India and Pakistan fought the first war for Kashmir, shortly after becoming independent and sovereign states in 1947, this led to the intervention of the UN. . . .